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Global Network Ownership

Ownership and control of a leading global data communications services network

The GCX Global Network is distinguished by its geographic coverage and ability to provide both subsea and terrestrial connectivity to major telecommunications hubs. Our network connects most of the major telecommunications hubs across the globe, from the developed markets in the U.S. and Europe to the key emerging markets in the Middle East and Asia, including India and China.

Substantially all of the GCX Global Network is owned by us, giving us greater flexibility and freedom to:

  • make network changes and upgrades in a shorter time frame;
  • add new cables, spurs and PoPs to the GCX Global Network and expand our terrestrial network in a more cost-efficient way;
  • introduce and quickly implement new technologies for increasing capacity through the entire subsea cable system, for example upgrading from 10 Gbps to 40 Gbps, 100 Gbps and higher;
  • provide customers with seamless connectivity solutions across multiple routes, countries and continents; and
  • maintain control over 100% of our available capacity, thereby eliminating internal price competition on the same cable system.

Subsea Cable Network

The subsea cable elements of the GCX Global Network comprise a comprehensive global telecommunications network that supports various forms of connectivity related to Internet, data and multimedia communications. It is designed to accommodate growth in bandwidth demand with minimal incremental capital expenditure. This is made up of five fiber-optic subsea cable systems, which operate on major global data traffic routes with landing stations across 27 countries, as follows:

  • FLAG Europe-Asia (“FEA”) connecting the United Kingdom to Japan through the Mediterranean, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, China, South Korea and other Middle East countries;
  • FLAG Atlantic-1 (“FA-1”) connecting the east coast of North America to the United Kingdom and France;
  • FLAG North Asia Loop (“FNAL”) connecting Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea and Japan;
  • FALCON comprising a loop around the Persian Gulf countries, with connections to India, Egypt, as well as Yemen and Saudi Arabia; and
  • HAWK connecting Egypt to France, and Cyprus via the local spur.

The following table sets forth certain information regarding each of our subsea cable systems:

System Landing Stations Locations

System Landing Stations Locations Cities Connected Length (km)
FEA UK, Spain, Italy, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, UAE, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, China, Korea, Japan 16 28,012
FA-1 UK, USA, France 4 14,491
FNAL Hong Kong, Korea, Japan, Taiwan 4 9.504
FALCON Oman, Dubai, Qatar, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Yemen, Sudan, Egypt 19 12,357
HAWK France, Cyprus, Egypt 3 4,334
Total 46 68,698

Terrestrial Networks

Our terrestrial networks comprise (i) our cable landing stations connected to our PoPs, (ii) terrestrial fiber connecting PoPs in different metropolitan locations, and (iii) “metro rings” connecting PoPs within the metropolitan area. We have metro rings in 5 cities: New York, London, Paris, Tokyo and Singapore. These terrestrial networks include:

  1. the European Network with a total length of 3,875 rkms and 13 PoPs in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Spain, including metro rings in London and Paris;
  2. the U.S. Network with a total length of 34,675 rkms and 51 PoPs in 15 cities, including Philadelphia, Chicago, New York, San Francisco, Denver, Newark, Washington DC, Houston, San Diego, Dallas, Seattle, Boston, Frankfurt, Stamford, Wilmington and Ashburn;
  3. the Asia Network with a total length of 2,741 rkms and 12 PoPs in Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan, including metro rings in Tokyo and Singapore and an overland crossing in Thailand for FEA; and four terrestrial crossings between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea in Egypt linking
  4. Suez and Alexandria with a total length of 1,720 rkms.

Upon receiving our NLD License in India, our Indian terrestrial network is expected to have a total length of 40,421 rkms, including:

  • Backhaul fibers connecting landing stations in India with the GCX India network and GNOC;
  • A fiber network connecting PoPs in seven major metropolitan areas, including Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Trivandrum and Pune. This fiber network is also configured in eight fiber rings providing multiple diverse paths between these cities; and
  • Metro rings in each of the seven cities listed above.

IP Network

In addition to the subsea cable network and the terrestrial network, the GCX Global Network also owns and operates a resilient and scalable global IP and multi-protocol label switching (“MPLS”) network and provides wholesale Internet, Ethernet and VPN services. This network uses approximately 27 diverse international subsea and terrestrial cable routes, including our own subsea and terrestrial cables and other third party cables, which provide route diversity.

This network is designed mainly for use by new media companies, telecommunications companies and large enterprises. The network offers high data speeds with high availability and low latency across the globe at competitive prices. This network includes more than 800 direct inter-connections with340+ third party networks around the world with a single Autonomous System (“AS”) number globally, which provides maximum flexibility and optimizes routing and handover of data traffic. Its dual global ring network architecture enables flexibility to exchange traffic with other networks at different interconnection points and provides the benefit of additional diversity on third party networks.

Managed Network Services Platform

Our managed network services platform connects approximately 27,000 sites in 158 countries through a combination of leased and owned infrastructure. These managed network services are offered through a dedicated secure IP network. This dedicated enterprise backbone has 17 service integration points (“SIPs”). Customer sites are interconnected via various access providers with the nearest SIP. Traffic between the SIPs, i.e. between different geographies, is carried over the dedicated SIP backbone. Customers’ critical sites are connected with more than one access circuit from different local service providers, which provides diversity with automatic connection to redundant links in case of network failures. The SIPs are capable of providing MPLS/IP VPN services with multiple classes of services as well as other advanced services based on customer needs. The SIPs are located in London, Hong Kong, Singapore, Secaucus, Chicago, New York, Paris, Madrid, Los Angeles, Frankfurt, Brussels, Amsterdam, Sydney, Perth and Auckland.

Global Network Operations, Customer Operations and IT Network

GCX has two global network operations centers (“GNOCs”), one based in Mumbai, India and a second in Denver, Colorado. In addition to being operational centers, the GNOCs also provide customer technical services, including service provisioning, restoration, network assurance and support.

In order to maintain operational continuity, certain key network and service management platforms and systems are replicated in London, New York and Hong Kong, which function independently but can also maintain the integrity of the GCX Global Network during a potential natural disaster affecting either GNOC. All the network elements of the GCX Global Network are managed through a separate, resilient and secure network to ensure continuous network management in both our terrestrial and subsea network systems in times of maintenance, equipment failure or fiber cuts.

which provides maximum flexibility and optimizes routing and handover of data traffic. Its dual global ring network architecture enables flexibility to exchange traffic with other networks at different interconnection points and provides the benefit of additional diversity on third party networks.

Expanding the GCX Global Network to strengthen our market position...

We continue to expand the capabilities of the GCX Global Network to strengthen our market position. As announced in 2014, the implementation of ICX, which will provide transport from eastern India to the rest of Asia, and PCX, which will provide transport from East Asia to the west coast of the United States, GCX’s market position will be further strengthened. We believe that the completion of these two systems will allow us to span the globe with our own subsea cable systems, allowing us to realize further economies of scale and savings in network costs, enhancing our ability to provide our customers with products and services with higher quality, and adding several important business hubs to the GCX Global Network.

Our terrestrial network is strengthened by the completion of our acquisition of an Indian domestic network which comprises inter-city and intra-city fibers, co-location space, power supply equipment along the fiber routes, equipment and landing stations. We have the ability to directly sell our products and services, on an end-to-end basis, to and from numerous significant data hubs in India, which is one of the largest IT markets globally. We also intend to enhance our PoPs by adding 30 Cloud nodes over the next two years, which will allow us to provide our own and public Cloud services to our enterprise customers.